15th Mar, 2016
- Of the 8 common infections, 4 are currently curable: syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis. The other four are viral infections and are incurable, but can be mitigated or modulated through treatment: hepatitis B, herpes, HIV, and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).
- Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are caused by more than 30 different bacteria, viruses and parasites and are spread predominantly by sexual contact, including vaginal, anal and oral sex.
- STIs may also be spread through:
- skin-to-skin sexual contact,
- blood products & tissue transfer and
- Mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth.
- Common symptoms of STIs include vaginal discharge, urethral discharge in men, genital ulcers, and abdominal pain.
- The majority of STIs are present without symptoms, so those affected do not know. This is why the preferable term is STIs and not sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
- As you read this:
- More than 1 million people would acquire a sexually transmitted infection today.
- An estimated 500 million people would acquire one of four sexually transmitted infections (chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis and trichomoniasis) this year.
- More than 530 million people are living with Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2).
- More than 290 million women have a Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection, one of the most common STIs. "Get screened today."
- HPV infection causes 530, 000 cases of cervical cancer and 275, 000 cervical cancer deaths each year.
- Some STIs can increase the risk of HIV acquisition three-fold or more.
- HSV2 commonly causes genital herpes, spreads through sexual contact and skin-to-skin contact. HSV2 is very common and highly contagious, whether or not you have an open sore. Women and people with multiple sexual partners are at an increased risk.
- Condoms are 97% effective. If used correctly and consistently, it can protect against most STIs. Condoms are the only form of contraception that can prevent STIs.
So next time you are about to have a quickie, remember all these and how effective a condom is !!! (if you aint married)
Find out more facts, symptoms, prevention and treatment in STIs 2.0
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