15th Mar, 2016
The common practice amongst most women with vaginal discharge is to run to a pharmacy store and request for an antifungal. After the use of this antifungal with mild suppression of the discharge or reoccurrence of the discharge, they either seek a Doctor or use another antifungal. Studies have shown that more than 55% of women with vaginal discharge self-medicate before seeking medical intervention.
It is important to know there are different types of vaginal infection that cause vaginal discharge which antifungals can’t treat.
The common ones are:
- Bacterial Vaginosis
- Yeast or candida infection
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
This is a mild infection of the vagina caused by bacteria (staphylococcus aureus). Normally there are a lot of 'good bacteria' and 'bad bacteria' in the vagina. The good bacteria help control the growth of the bad ones. In women with BV, there are more of the bad bacteria. It is not gotten from swimming pools or toilet seats.
What Do They Notice?
- A characteristic white or discoloured discharge which smells fishy (often strongest after sexual intercourse).
- Pain while urinating.
- Itchy and sore vagina.
Who is at risk?
- Sexually active ladies with multiple sexual partners or a new partner
- Ladies that douche frequently.
- Pregnant women.
- Use of Intrauterine device.
Yeast or candida infection:
Usually called Candidiasis, it is a common fungal infection of the vagina. Candidiasis is caused by an overgrowth of fungi in the vagina due to suppression of the normal growing bacteria within the vagina. Yeast infection are notorious for spreading to other parts of the body like the skin, oesophagus, mucus membranes and even the heart valves. They could have life-threatening effect in people with a suppressed immunity such as in pregnant women, diabetics and HIV positive individuals.
What Do They Notice?
- A thick white vaginal discharge.
- Pain while urinating and having sex.
- An itchy and sore vagina.
Who Is At Risk?
- Ladies that wear tight or non-cotton underwear.
- Ladies that douche, use feminine hygiene perfumes and have scratches inside the vagina.
- Ladies using antibiotics: antibiotics kills or suppresses bacteria in the body which include those in the vagina which give room for fungi overgrowth.
- Ladies experiencing hormonal changes as seen during pregnancy, ovulation, menopause.
- Diabetics and ladies suffering from a weakened immune system such as HIV/AIDS.
- Ladies that take excess alcohol: Yes, Alcohol is here again!
- Ladies on birth control pills & steroids.
It is usually not sexually transmitted but about 12% of men that have sex with infected women would develop itchy rashes on the penis.
Caused by a parasite. It is a sexually transmitted infection and would show symptoms 4- 20 days post exposure.
What Do They See?
- A frothy vaginal discharge that may be gray or yellow-green.
- Irritation and genital itching.
- A burning sensation while urinating.
- Discomfort during intercourse, and a foul smell.
Because trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease, symptoms may appear within four to 20 days after exposure.
Stay connected for the prevention and treatment of "toilet disease".
Follow us on
- Twitter: @hidoctorng
- Instagram: hidoctorng.
- Facebook page: hidoctorng
- BBM Channel: C0021B035 / Hidoctor
Image Credit: Internet